מאמרים
היסטוריה, זיכרונות
תרבות
Français English عربى  Etc.

???? ????????? ??? ?????? / 21.3.2010

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???"? ????? ????? ?????? ????????, ????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ?????:

1. ????  ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????.

2. ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????, ?????, ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ??????. 

?????? ??????? ???? ????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ????. ?-1948 ??? ??????? ??? 60,000 ?-90,000 ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????. ???? ????? ?????? ?? 11,000 ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ????? ????? ????, ????? ?????? (??? ???? ??? ????). ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?-50 ????????. ?? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ?-1000 ??"? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? "?????", ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??, ???: ??????? ?????????. ???? ??????, ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ??????. ??????? ????? ???? ?-”????" ??? ??? ???? ???? ?? 1966. ???? ?-”????" ????? ?-20% ??????? ???? ??????? ?? 1948.

 

???? 1960 ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ????????? ????? ???? ??? ?-5 ?????? ??????. ????? ?? ??????? ????? ???, ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?-90, ????? ???? ????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????, ????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????????? ??????. ?? ?? ????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ???? 2008 ?- 580,800 ???. ??? ?- 166,300 ????? ?????? ???? ?-6 ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????. ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ????? ??.

 

??? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????, ?-11.11.2007, ?? ?? ??? 2012 ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????????? ??????, ??????? ???'?????. ???? 2008 ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????, ? ?- 25.1.09, ??? ????? ?????? ?-2007, ????? ????? ????? ??? 800 ????? ???????? ?????.

 

?? ?? ?????? ?? "?????? ?????? ????????? ??????", ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????: "???????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???, ????? ?????, ???? ????, ???, ?????, ?????? ??????, ?????, ?????? ????? ??? ?????, ???, ??, ????, ??? ????, ?????, ????? ?? ????? ???????." ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??-?? ????? ?-”????? ?????".

 

?????? ?-”????? ?????", ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ???????. ???? ????? ?? ????? "????? ????" ??? "????????? ??????". ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??????????. ?????, ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????, ??????? ?????? ????, ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????.

 

???? ?????, ??? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ????, ???? ??? ?? "?????? ?????". ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ???????, ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????, ????? ???????, ????? ?????? ??????? ?????, ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ????. ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ???????  ??? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????????? ?? ?????????. 

 

????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?????, “?????? ?????" ???? ??? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????. ?? ?? ???? ???"? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?????, ?????? ????: "?? ?????, ????? ?? ????, ????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???, ???, ???? ??????, ???? ????? ?? ????, ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????, ????? ???????, ?? ????? ?????, ????? ?? ??????, ?? ???? ????, ?? ?????? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ???????? ????????, ????????, ?????????, ?? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??????".

 

?? ?"??????" ???????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ????. ?? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?????, ????? ????? ?????? "???? ????" ???: “????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????.” ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????????, ?????? ???? ???????? ????? ???????? ???????, ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????. ????, ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ????.

 

 ?? ?? ??"? ????? "?????? ??? ?????", ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? 21.2.10 ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????, ?????, ?????? ????????? ????????, ???????, ?????, ???????, ??????? ?????? ????, ????? ????? ????? ??????? ????????, ??? ?? ???? ???? ??????. ?? ?? ???"?: "??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ???, ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ???, ???? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????.”

 

???? ????? ??????, ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????, ????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ??? ??, ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????. ????? ??? ???, ???? ??"? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????, ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ??????  ??? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??????.

 

????? ???????:

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????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?-16 ????? ????? ?????. ????? ???, ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????. ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ???, ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????. ????? ???"? ??????? 4 ?????? ????? 3 ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ???? ???. ????? ?????? ???????, ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????. ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????. ?????? ?????? ??????? ????, ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ????, ??????? ?? 2 ?????? ?????. ?????? ?????? ??????? 4 ?????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?????.

 

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????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????. ??? ????? ??, ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?????. ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????. ????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????, ?? ??? ?? ????? (???? ?????, ????? ?????????) ?? ?????? ?????? (???? ???????). ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??????.

 

????? ???? ??????:

????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????-??? ???? ?? ????? ??????, ?? ?? ????? ???? ???? (?????) ?? ?? ??????. ????? ?????? ?????? ??????, ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????, ?????? ??????. ???? ????? ?????: ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??????, ?????? ??????.  ???? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????.

 

????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????, ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????: ??????, ?????, ?????, ??????, ??????, ???? ???' ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ???.

???? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?????.                   ????? ?????, ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????, ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????!

???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????, ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ????????? ??????? ????, ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ????.

??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????? ????????? ??????-?????????, ???? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ????????. ?????? ??????? ???"? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????-?? ???????. ??????? ??? ???-???? ?????? ??????? ???-?????, ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ????, ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? 10 ???? ???? ??? ?? ???-????. ???-????, ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????, ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????????.

 

?????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????. ???? ???? ??? ?????. ?????? ???? ?????, ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ????, ?? ?? ????? ???? ????. ???? ???? ???"? ????, ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????. ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ???. ??????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??????. ???? ???? ???"? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????. ????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??????, ??? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ????. ???? ???? ????"? ??? ?? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ???. ?????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ????. ??? ??? ???? ???"? ???. ?? ??? ???????? ?????? ???"? ?? ???? ?????? ??????. ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????, ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????. ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????, ??? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ????. ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ????. ??? ??????, ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????. ???"? ??? ???? ????, ??? ?? ????? ????, ???? ????? ????? ??????. 

 

???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????: ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????, ??? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????. ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ?? 44,000 ?????? (???? 2008), ????? ?????? ??? ?- 34,000 ??????, ????? 10,000 ?????? ???? ?-5 ????? ???. ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ????. (??? ?????? ???? ???????)  ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??????. ????? ?????? ??? ??????, ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ????. (??? ?????? ???? ???????) ????? ???? ??? ??? ("???? ??????") ???? ?????? ??? ??????. ?????? ???? ??? ????. ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????. ??? ??, ??? ?????? ??????? ??????, ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????.  ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????. ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??????, ???? ??? ?????? ???????, ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????. ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????. ??? ?????? ??? ???, ????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?????, ??? ??? ??????, ??? ?????? ???????, ???? ????? ???. ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ?????. ??? ???????, ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??-???, ???? ??????? ??? ?????, ?????? ??????? ?????, ???? ??? ???? ??????.

 

 

???? ???????:

??"? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?????. ??? ?????? ????, ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????, ??? ?? ?????? ?????, ??? ???? ????? ???? ??????.

????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ???? 2012 10% ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????, ?????? ??'?????, ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????  ??? ??????, ????? ???? ????? ?-1%. ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????, ??? ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????, ????? ??? ??????? ??????. ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? 30% ??????????? ????, ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????: ???? ???????, ???? ?????? ???', ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????.  ???? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????, ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??????, ?? ????? ????? ??????, ??? ???? ????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???????. ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?????, ????, ????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????????!

???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????.  ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????,  ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?????????.

????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ??? - ???? ????, ??? ???????? ???? ?-5,000 ??????, ??? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ????????, ?????, 50.000 ??????. ????? ???? ?????? ????, ?? ???, ???? ???? ?????, ???? ???? ?????, ???? ?? ?????, ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??'. ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????: ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? 4 ?????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???, ?????-???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????????? ???? ????. ????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???!

 

?? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????. ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???????? ???? ???. ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ????. ????, ??? ?? ??? ?? ?????????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ????, ??? ????? ????? ?????: ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????.

?? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????. ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?????.

???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ??, ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????? ??????? (21 ????? ???) ????? ??? ????? ??? ??????.

 

??????:

-            ?????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????, ????? ??????? ????, ??? ??????? ???????? ??????,

-            ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????,

-            ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???????,

-            ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????? ????,

-            ???? ????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ????????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???.

-            ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??,

-            ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????.

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3/27/2010